Category Archive:柳州桑拿

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Cowboys-Packers set for NFL battle

April 29th, 2019 / / categories: 柳州桑拿 /

In a rematch of a brutally cold 1967 playoff classic dubbed the “Ice Bowl,” the Dallas Cowboys and Green Bay Packers top a weekend of intense knockout clashes.

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The Cowboys, unbeaten on the road this season, travel to Green Bay, perfect at home in the campaign, in sub-freezing conditions and one team will have its title dreams ended on Sunday (Monday (AEDT).

“We don’t pay attention to them being 8-0 on the road because they haven’t come here and beaten us here at Lambeau,” Packers defensive back Micah Hyde said. “But it’s going to be a tough matchup and we understand that.”

It’s the first time the Cowboys have visited Lambeau Field for a playoff game since New Year’s Eve in 1967, when Bart Starr’s late touchdown plunge in wind chills averaging minus-48 (minus-44 Celsius) gave the Packers a 21-17 triumph on their way to winning the second Super Bowl.

The last time an unbeaten road team visited an unbeaten host in the playoffs came in 1972 when visiting Miami won at Pittsburgh on the way to the only undefeated Super Bowl championship run.

“This will be a big challenge,” Packers coach Mike McCarthy said.

“It’s definitely something that jumps off the stat sheet when you see eight wins on the road.”

The Cowboys, featuring NFL rushing champion DeMarco Murray and standout quarterback Tony Romo, have lost their past six road playoff games while the Packers, whose quarterback Aaron Rodgers has been nagged by a calf injury, has thrown 38 touchdowns without an interception in 477 passes over his past 16 home games.

The Cowboys have not reached the Super Bowl since winning their third in four seasons in 1996.

And since the Packers last won the Super Bowl in 2011, they saw a 15-1 season end with a home playoff loss to the New York Giants and exits to San Francisco the past two years.

The Packers-Cowboys victor will face the winner of Sunday’s (Monday AEDT) clash between defending Super Bowl champion Seattle or upstart Carolina, who are only the second playoff qualifier with a losing regular-season record, in the National Conference final.

In the American Conference, Denver quarterback Peyton Manning will guide the Broncos against his former club, the visiting Indianapolis Colts, on Sunday (Monday AEDT) while the top seed New England Patriots play host on Saturday (Sunday AEDT) to Baltimore, the Ravens fresh off winning their playoff opener at Pittsburgh.

Winners of the conference finals on January 18 will advance to the Super Bowl championship spectacle on February 1 at Glendale, Arizona.

“We’re big admirers of Vettel,” said Alejandro Agag on Thursday.

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“He just doesn’t like Formula E. Maybe one day we can convince him to come to Formula E.”

A pack of high-pitch humming electric vehicles will career through the streets of Buenos Aires on Saturday at speeds of up to 220 kilometres per hour (136 miles per hour) in the fourth race of Formula E’s debut season.

Spanish businessman Agag hopes the series, which has the blessing of the FIA, motor sport’s governing body, will help electric vehicles shrug off an image problem and fine-tune their technologies.

Vettel’s comments, made before the inaugural race, would not have helped.

“People don’t think of them as quick, as cool” Agag said. “We respect what Vettel thinks, but I also respect what Alain Prost thinks,” he said, referring to the former Formula One great who heads up the championship’s e.dams-Renault team.

The cars look similar to those used in Formula One, with F1 teams McLaren and Williams supplying the electronics and battery respectively. Renault oversees the integration of various systems and Michelin provides the tyres.

Agag said he hoped to get more manufacturers on board, with the ultimate aim of becoming a fully-fledged world championship.

“We think that next year we will have at least four or five manufacturers in the championship,” Agag said, adding that it had taken “a miracle” to put the series together in two years.

“Two years ago we didn’t have cars, we didn’t have venues, we didn’t have teams. We didn’t have sponsors or broadcasters,” said Agag. “Today we have a championship going full-on with big fights between the drivers.”

(Writing by Richard Lough; Editing by Peter Rutherford)

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War crimes and crimes against humanity, including ethnic cleansing of Muslims, were committed in the Central African Republic, but there was no genocide, a UN report says.

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The 127-page report by a UN commission of inquiry said all sides committed human rights violations over the past two years including rape, murder, recruitment of child soldiers, torture and burning of homes.

“Thousands of people died as a result of the conflict” that exploded after the March 2013 coup that overthrew long-time leader Francois Bozize, said the report released on Thursday.

“Human rights violations and abuses were committed by all parties,” it said.

The commission was unable to provide a casualty figure, but said estimates of between 3000 and 6000 dead “fail to capture the full magnitude of the killing that occurred”.

The Muslim Seleka coalition of former leader Michel Djotodia and the anti-balaka militia that fought them “are also responsible for war crimes and crimes against humanity”, according to the report.

“Although the commission cannot conclude that there was a genocide, ethnic cleansing of the Muslim population by the anti-balaka constitutes a crime against humanity,” it said.

The commission of inquiry appointed by UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon a year ago said there was no reason to assume that grave crimes, including genocide, will be averted in the future.

But it pointed to the deployment of French and African forces as well as UN peacekeepers as being “primarily responsible for the prevention of an even greater explosion of violence”.

The UN Security Council in September dispatched a 12,000-strong UN peace force to take over from an African Union-led mission working to restore stability alongside French forces.

The Central African Republic continues to be hit by waves of violence, although the capital remains calmer.

The International Criminal Court announced in September that it was investigating an “endless list” of atrocities committed in the Central African Republic.

To compile its report, the commission of inquiry interviewed 910 victims and witnesses, mostly in the Bangui region but also in the west and in neighbouring Cameroon.

Cameroonian judge Bernard Acho Munu led the commission that included Mauritanian human rights official Fatima M’Baye and former Mexican foreign minister Jorge Castaneda.

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Why men never remember anything

April 29th, 2019 / / categories: 柳州桑拿 /

Recently, I was visiting my family in Seattle, and we were doing that thing families do: retelling old stories.

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As we talked, a common theme emerged. My brother hardly remembered anything from our childhood, even the stories in which he was the star player. (That time he tumbled down the basement steps? Nope. That panicky afternoon when we all thought he’d disappeared, only to discover he’d been hiding in his room, and then fell asleep? Nothing.) “Boys never remember anything,” my mom huffed. 

She’s right. Researchers are finding some preliminary evidence that women are indeed better at recalling memories, especially autobiographical ones. Girls and women tend to recall these memoriesfaster and with more specific details, and some studies have demonstrated that these memories tend to be more accurate, too, when compared to those of boys and men. And there’s an explanation for this: It could come down to the way parents talk to their daughters, as compared to their sons, when the children are developing memory skills.

To understand this apparent gender divide in recalling memories, it helps to start with early childhood — specifically, ages 2 to 6. Whether you knew it or not, during these years, you learned how to form memories, and researchers believe this happens mostly through conversations with others, primarily our parents. These conversations teach us how to tell our own stories, essentially; when a mother asks her child for more details about something that happened that day in school, for example, she is implicitly communicating that these extra details are essential parts to the story.

And these early experiments in storytelling assist in memory-making, research shows. One recent study tracked preschool-age kids whose mothers often asked them to elaborate when telling stories; later in their lives, these kids were able to recall earlier memories than their peers whose mothers hadn’t asked for those extra details.

But the way parents tend to talk to their sons is different from the way they talk to their daughters. Mothers tend to introduce more snippets of new information in conversations with their young daughters than they do with their young sons, research has shown. And moms tend to ask more questions about girls’ emotions; with boys, on the other hand, they spend more time talking about what they should do with those feelings.

This is at least partially a product of parents acting on gender expectations they may not even realize they have, and the results are potentially long-lasting, explained Azriel Grysman, a psychologist at Hamilton College who studies gender differences and memory. “The message that girls are getting is that talking about your feelings is part of describing an event,” Grysman said. “And for boys, emotions are something to be concerned with when they are part of a larger issue, but otherwise not. And it’s quite possible, over time, that those tendencies will help women establish more connections in their brains of different pieces of an event, which will lead to better memory long-term.”

Because a memory doesn’t exist the way we tend to imagine it; it’s not a singular, fully formed thing buried in some small corner of the mind. Instead, it’s “a pattern of mental activity, and the more entry points we have to what that pattern might be, the more chances we have to retrieve it,” Grysman said. Researchers call those entry points “retrieval cues,” and they can be as seemingly mundane as what you were feeling, what you were eating, or what you were wearing.

The more entry points you’ve got about an event, the more likely you are to remember it. It’s how Grysman advises his students to study for tests. “I tell them to try to make links between the material they’re studying and other parts of their lives, and those other parts of their lives serve as entry points,” he said.

So Grysman’s theory, which he explored in an extensive review of the literature published last year, is that those early conversations with your parents implicitly told you which details are important to remember about the things that happen to you, and which are not. And because parents’ conversations with girls include references to both more information and more emotion, they’re setting their daughters up to have stronger memories over their lives. (Though it’s worth pointing out: Grysman acknowledges in his 2013 paper that gender identity is of course much more complicated than biological sex, and not every individual’s experience is going to mirror that of the children in the research on which he’s based his theory.)

At this point in our conversation, I couldn’t help asking Grysman how his own memory is. “I thought I had a great memory until I got married,” he said. “Now, I’m realizing more and more how much I don’t remember, compared to somebody else. Dates, facts, figures — I’m great at those things. But those are things where we don’t find gender differences. I can quote you the Stanley Cup winners back from 1914, but I can’t remember conversations.”

And that’s actually how he became interested in studying gender difference in autobiographical memory recall in the first place. Several years ago, his wife referenced some recent, important conversation they’d apparently had with a friend. He had no memory of it. “That’s really what spurred this,” he said. So I asked him if he remembered now what that conversation was about.

“I don’t,” he admitted, “and maybe that proves the point.”

This article originally appeared on Science of Us: Why Men Never Remember Anything. © 2015 All Rights Reserved. Distributed by Tribune Content Agency.

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Why do women cry more than men?

April 29th, 2019 / / categories: 柳州桑拿 /

I cry incredibly, embarrassingly easily.

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When I was maid of honor at my best friend’s wedding last summer, I burst into tears the minute I started walking down the aisle. That’s understandable, but I also cry at smaller, stupider things: during nearly every distance-running race I’ve ever participated in, for instance, or at that Apple ad about the girl who makesthe sweet DIY duet for her grandmother. 

Crying and me, we are very comfortable with one another, and I always assumed this was mostly owing to reasons best explained by psychology, maybe also a little therapy, and possibly my gender. But a recent, lengthy email exchange with “leading tear researcher” Ad Vingerhoets pointed me toward a simpler yet weirder explanation: Maybe I just have really shallow tear ducts, which are more quickly filled up and spilled over. This appears to be the case for most women when compared to men, and maybe this, plus some relevant hormonal changes that happen around puberty, is part of a physiological explanation as to why men tend to cry less often than women. 

Vingerhoets is a clinical psychologist at Tilburg University and the author of thebook Why Only Humans Weep: Unravelling the Mysteries of Tears; he’s also one of the few researchers out there currently studying emotional tears — those triggered by feelings rather than, say, onions or other irritants. His work suggests that the stereotype about women crying more is true: Women cry 30 to 64 times a year, whereas men cry just 6 to 17 times per year. (Or they say they do, at least. Much of this research relies on self-reporting, which means men could be underreporting how much they tear up. But Vingerhoets’s estimate is in line with past research conducted by others — although that was also self-reported.)

Vingerhoets has also studied the average length of time a crying bout lasts (again, based on self-reports). He surveyed more than 5,000 young adults from about three dozen countries, and found that women say they usually cry for six minutes at a time, on average; men, on the other hand, say they cry about two to three minutes on average. He shared the results of that survey with me in an email:

We can intuit that men cry less often than women owing to social conditioning; crying doesn’t really fit in with our image of stereotypical manhood, after all, and that’s no doubt a partial explanation of why men are more likely to hold in their tears. But men may also be biologically built to shed fewer tears, Vingerhoets and other experts suggest.

Back to the tear ducts, for example. “There are several studies over the years that have shown that men have larger tear ducts in their eyes, so that it is less likely for the tears to well up to the point of spilling over the eyelid onto the cheek,” said Dr. Geoffrey Goodfellow, an associate professor at the Illinois College of Optometry in Chicago. There’s also this paper from the 1960s, in which a physician from the University of Michigan reports how he used male and female skulls to measure the length and depth of tear ducts, finding that women’s were shorter and shallower.

Hormones also may provide an explanation, too, including testosterone, which, Vingerhoets believes, inhibits crying. Male prostate cancer patients, for example, tend to become more emotional when treated with medications that lower their testosterone levels. But this isn’t just about testosterone: Back in the 1980s, biochemist William H. Frey and his team analyzed the chemical makeup of emotional tears and compared them to tears caused by irritants. They found, among other things, that emotional tears tend to contain prolactin, a hormone produced by the pituitary gland that is associated with emotion. Vingerhoets passed on a 2012 paper from a team of Nigerian scientists that he said may help connect this to the gender difference in crying.

From the paper:

[A]dult women have serum prolactin levels almost sixty percent above the average male. This difference may help to explain why women as a whole cry more frequently … . Before puberty, the serum prolactin levels are the same in both sexes, and studies have found that the crying level of boys and girls is much more similar before puberty.

Lauren Bylsma, an associate professor in psychiatry at the University of Pittsburgh who has studied crying with Vingerhoets, said that this difference in prolactin levels “may help explain these differences in crying, as well as other differences in emotional expression and depression vulnerability between men and women.” Next time I find myself crying over something that is maybe not entirely worthy of tears, I hope I will manage to blurt out something about prolactin! and tiny tear ducts! in between sobs. 

This article originally appeared on Science of Us: Why Do Women Cry More Than Men? © 2015 All Rights Reserved. Distributed by Tribune Content Agency.

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NFL slammed by ex-FBI director over Rice

March 30th, 2019 / / categories: 柳州桑拿 /

The NFL failed to investigate the Ray Rice case properly, according to former FBI director Robert Mueller.

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“The NFL should have done more with the information it had and should have taken additional steps to obtain all available information about the February 15 incident,” Mueller said in a statement after releasing his 96-page report on the handling of the Rice matter.

The report found no evidence the league received a video of the Baltimore Ravens running back knocking out his fiancee in a casino elevator before it was published online in September.

A law enforcement official showed The Associated Press videos of the incident and said he mailed a DVD to NFL headquarters in April.

The report said a review of phone records and emails of NFL employees showed no evidence that anyone in the league had seen the video before Commissioner Roger Goodell initially suspended Rice for two games.

The private investigation without subpoena power did not include any contact with the law enforcement official who showed the AP the videos.

The officer played the AP a 12-second voicemail from an NFL office number dated April 9, in which a woman verifies receipt of the DVD and says: “You’re right, it’s terrible.”

The official, who insisted on anonymity because he was not authorised to share the evidence, says he took steps to avoid being found or identified by the NFL.

Mueller found the NFL’s deference to the law enforcement process involving Rice “led to deficiencies in the league’s collection and analysis of information during its investigation.”

He added such an approach “can foster an environment in which it is less important to understand precisely what a player did than to understand how and when the criminal justice system addresses the event.”

Mueller’s report details some of the efforts the NFL made in obtaining the video, but said the league should have taken additional steps to find out what happened inside the elevator.

The report also said the league didn’t follow up on initial conversations with the Ravens to determine whether the team had more information.

Giants owner John Mara and Steelers President Art Rooney, the men appointed by Goodell as liaisons to the investigation, said Mueller made six recommendations that the owners will review.

Rooney and Mara agreed that the league’s policy on domestic violence was insufficient.

Beal, who turned 26 on Tuesday, will now almost certainly play a part in the World Cup in England this year as well as help the New South Wales Waratahs defend the Super Rugby title.

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Both teams will be guided by Michael Cheika, who replaced McKenzie when the former test prop quit in the wake of the scandal over obscene text messages sent to a female member of the Wallabies staff.

Beale, who has been involved in a string of disciplinary issues over the last few years, faced having his contract torn up over the incident but an independent tribunal instead landed him with a A$45,000 (24,181 pound) fine.

He rejoined the Wallabies squad on their November tour of Europe after regaining his fitness and won his 48th and 49th caps off the bench against England and Ireland.

“I’m really looking forward to the year ahead and am grateful to the ARU and Waratahs for the opportunity to continue my career here in Australia,” Beale said. “With the World Cup coming up, I’m looking forward to getting back out there and playing some good Rugby for the Waratahs and hopefully getting selected for the Wallabies.”

Cheika, who helped Beale resurrect his career at the Waratahs last year after alcohol problems brought a premature end to his time at the Melbourne Rebels, welcomed his retention.”Kurtley is a fantastic player who will add to our great talent pool of inside backs,” said Cheika. “I’m looking forward to getting the best out of him again over the next 12 months.”

Although Beale started his career as a flyhalf and has played much of his international rugby at fullback, Cheika has used him at inside centre at the Waratahs.

Beale is a highly skilled player whose turn of pace and ability to squeeze through the narrowest of gaps can bamboozle even the best defences.

His value as an impact player coming off the bench is heightened by his proven ability to land long penalties in clutch situations towards the end of a games.

(Reporting by Nick Mulvenney, editing by Peter Rutherford)

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A $100,000 reward has been offered for help in solving the case of a teenage girl who disappeared in a disturbing abduction in central west NSW.

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Fifteen-year-old Jessica Small was last seen in Bathurst about 12.35am on October 26, 1997.

Jessica was hitchhiking with a friend, Vanessa Conlan, to a mate’s house when the pair were picked up by a man in a white Holden Commodore.

The man drove the girls a short distance before turning on them.

Vanessa managed to escape and fled down the street, thinking Jessica was behind her.

However Jessica has not been seen since.

Homicide Squad commander Superintendent Mick Willing said investigators believe she was murdered.

“It’s been almost two decades and this was a 15-year-old girl who vanished off the street of a NSW city,” he said.

Supt Willing believes there are people who know what happened to Jessica.

“I implore these people to come forward and tell us what they know.”

Investigators have spoken to dozens of people, including persons of interest, excavated a riverbank at O’Connell, about halfway between Bathurst and Oberon, and examined several vehicles.

The current investigation has been thwarted by serious failings by Bathurst police when Jessica initially disappeared.

After an inquest last year, NSW deputy state Coroner Sharon Freund found there were serious inadequacies that had complicated the investigation.

She recommended a reward to solve the case not be less than $500,000.

Supt Willing confirmed there were still persons of interest in the sights of police.

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The rise and rise of the selfie stick

March 30th, 2019 / / categories: 柳州桑拿 /

“Selfie sticks” – the lightweight monopods which hold smartphones to get a better angle for self portraits – are the hot item at this week’s Consumer Electronics Show in Las Vegas, where dozens of manufacturers and distributors are fielding orders to meet consumer demand.

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Priced as low as $US5, the selfie sticks took some of the limelight in a show that features $US10,000 television sets and other pricey hardware.

“They’re flying off the shelves, they are one of our hottest items,” said Katie Kunsman with the New Jersey-based manufacturer and wholesaler Motion Systems, at her booth at the Las Vegas tech gathering.

Kunsman says the trend has taken off in the past few months, led by enthusiasts of extreme sports like rock climbing.

“If you go rock climbing you can get a picture from a good angle hanging off a cliff,” she said.

The origins of the selfie stick are unclear. Some say the trend began in Asia, others point to the extreme sports community and similar devices made for the GoPro camera.

The selfie sticks extend the smartphone camera away from the user by up to about 1.5 metres, providing a better angle than is possible by simply extending the device at arm’s length.

Some of the gadgets are sold at a very low price, but adding a wireless Bluetooth button to snap pictures can boost the cost to $U30 to $US40 or more.

Sometimes called “narcissticks” because they promote the self-centred picture trend, the devices have faced a ban in South Korea if they use unauthorised radio frequencies.

LOTP’s Robert Rickheeram said his firm began manufacturing and selling the sticks last year, after his parents bought one in Greece at the same time he found one in China.

“We were one of the first, although I can’t confirm we were the first” to start manufacturing and selling in the United States.

“We recognised the trend and we were able to get the website theselfiestick广西桑拿,.”

Rickheeram said it’s not clear if any single company can be dominant in the emerging stick sector.

“Anyone can make these,” he said. “There are no patents, although we have a patent pending.”

He said his device was designed with a strong clamp that holds the smartphone securely in place.

“It has a little more bulk, but we don’t want anyone breaking their $500 smartphone,” he said.

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Thousands of people again took to the streets in France and other countries, including Australia, to condemn the killing of 12 people by Islamist gunmen at Paris-based satirical magazine Charlie Hebdo.

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In Paris, thousands of people packed Republique square, about a kilometre from the scene of Wednesday’s massacre, for a second night running.

The square’s monument to the Republic has become a shrine to the victims of the worst terrorist attack in France for half a century and, more generally, freedom of expression.

Flowers, candles and cartoons – a tribute to the five cartoonists killed in the attack by two men out to avenge cartoons of the Prophet Mohammed who are still being sought by police – covered the base of the structure.

Many of the protesters carried placards bearing the “Je suis Charlie” (I am Charlie) slogan that has become a global cry for solidarity following the attacks.

Some came armed with pens, a symbol of press freedom.

Expressing the mood in the numbed capital Mayor Anne Hidalgo told the gathering that Parisians felt the need “to stand together and stick together”.

On Wednesday, about 100,000 people thronged impromptu gatherings across France to pay tribute to the victims and acclaim Charlie Hebdo’s cartoonists as heroes.

In Sydney, a defiant rendition of La Marseillaise concluded a vigil by more than a thousand people to remember those killed.

The large crowd gathered at Sydney’s Martin Place on Thursday night to hold a minute’s silence at the same time as France stopped to remember those killed in the attack .

Vigils were also held in New York, Washington and Canada.

While the numbers at Thursday’s vigils in France were lower, across the world people continued to mobilise in solidarity with the French press and people.

In the Netherlands, thousands poured onto the streets in The Hague and Rotterdam to condemn extremism.

“Tonight I am Parisian and I am Charlie; tonight we are all Parisian and we are all Charlie,” Rotterdam Mayor Ahmed Aboutaleb said in French.

In Rome, several thousand people attended a rally outside the French embassy, while in Moscow, about 100 people defied temperatures of minus 10C to lay flowers outside the French mission.

People also gathered in their hundreds in Athens, Belgrade, Budapest, Frankfurt, Geneva, Lisbon, Prague and Zagreb.

In Africa, dozens of reporters paid respects to their slain French counterparts outside the French embassy in the former French colony of Togo.

A second consecutive protest was also planned in London.